Healthcare in Uganda


The country’s health system aims to provide the Uganda National Minimum Health Care Package (UNMHCP). It includes services offered by both traditional health clinics, along with local healers, private practitioners and community-based healthcare. This is what’s known as a decentralized healthcare system, comprised of both district and national levels.

The aim of uganda’s health system

The aim of Uganda’s health system is to deliver the national minimum health care package. Uganda runs a decentralized health system with national and district levels.

Hospitals, laboratories & services

Uganda’s health system is divided into national and district-based levels. At the national level are the national referral hospitals, regional referral hospitals, and semi-autonomous institutions including the Uganda Blood Transfusion Services, the National Medical Stores, the Uganda Public Health Laboratories and the Uganda National Health Research Organization (UNHRO).

The not-for-profit providers

The not-for-profit providers are run on a national and local basis and 78% are religiously based. Three main providers include the Uganda Catholic Medical Bureau, Uganda Protestant Medical Bureau, and the Uganda Muslim Medical Bureau.

Nongovernmental organizations

Nongovernmental organizations have emerged as the prominent not-for-profit organizations for HIV/AIDS counseling and treatment.

The for-profit providers

The for-profit providers include clinics and informal drug stores.

Formal providers

Formal providers include medical and dental practitioners, nurses and midwives, pharmacies, and allied health professionals.

Traditional providers

Traditional providers include herbalists, spiritual healers, traditional birth attendants, hydro therapists, etc